The ground force personnel armor system is a combat helmet and ballistic vest . It was used by the US military from the early 1980s to the mid-2000s . At that time, the helmet and vest were replaced by light helmets (LWH) and modular integrated communication helmets (MICH). ) And interceptor body armor (IBA).
In the early 2000s, PASGT vests began to be replaced by IBA, and shortly thereafter PASGT helmets were replaced by LWH and MICH. As of 2018, only military users of the U.S. Army Reserve and the U.S. Navy who use PASGT in any capacity remain. The latter retains PASGT helmets for sailors on their warships. In addition, there are also known PASGT derivative vests as "U.S. Navy body armor ".
|Ground Force Personnel Armor System|
|Types of||Combat helmet and bulletproof vest|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Active||1983 to present (US military reserve)
1985 to present (other countries/regions)
States Navy United States Army Reserve
United States Army (History)
United States Marine Corps (History)
United States Air Force (History)
See users to other foreign military/law enforcement users
|war||Invasion of Grenada (first use)
Invasion of Panama,
Persian Gulf War,
Yugoslavian War  
|Designer||U.S. Army Soldier System Center|
|Designed||1975 (vest), 1977 (helmet)|
|Variants||US Navy body armor (Mk 1, Mod 0)|
PASGT is an acronym that stands for the personnel armor system of ground forces. When used alone, PASGT refers to vests and helmets. 
In the U.S. military, PASGT helmets are most often referred to as "Kevlar" by the wearer. Since then, the nickname has been used in other helmets. The PASGT helmet is also called "K-pot" by the wearer in the U.S. military, and its name is similar to the common name "steel tank" of the steel M1 helmet . Since the 1940s, the U.S. military has used this nickname extensively until the 1970s. , Including the Vietnam War . The PASGT helmet is also called the "Fritz" helmet by the wearer, but it is less common because it is similar to the standard helmet Stahlhelm used by the German army in World War I and World War II .
On the other hand, PASGT vest in the US by its wearer known as the " body armor " or "vest", which is a continuation of earlier nickname nylon and fiberglass protective vest.
The personnel armor system for ground force helmets is a combat helmet that was first adopted by the US military in 1983 and was eventually adopted by many other military and law enforcement agencies internationally. The shell is made of 19 layers of Kevlar . Kevlar is a bulletproof aramid fabric treated with a phenolic resin system . It is rated as threat level IIIA according to DARPA, USMC and the U.S. Army , and can provide protection against shrapnel and ballistic threats . It meets the 1800 requirements of MIL-STD-662 E. Its weight ranges from 3.1 pounds (1,410 grams) (extra small) to 4.2 pounds (1,910 grams) (extra large).
Overview [ edit ]
The color of PASGT helmets is usually olive . The cloth helmet cover with different camouflage patterns can be used to increase camouflage, including woodland , six-color desert , three-color desert and winter/snow white, pure black, for tactical police applications , as well as the MARPAT of the US Marine Corps and the general camouflage pattern of the US Army Wait.
PASGT helmets are also used by various SWAT teams. It is usually black with or without covering. It is also used by United Nations peacekeeping forces, and it is usually painted in United Nations blue to match the color of the United Nations flag .
When worn with a helmet cover, PASGT helmets usually also have a strap around it. The strap has two rechargeable light-emitting patches (sometimes called cat eyes) on the back to reduce friendly fire accidents. These bands also used to hold small personal items or vegetation, just before the M1 helmet , as in the decades after its useful life in. These strips may also have a name and/or ABO blood type printed to help identify the blood type in cases where a blood transfusion is required for the wearer as a result of blood loss due to injuries on the battlefield. In the US Army, PASGT helmets usually have a patch with the wearer's rank logo sewn on the front, and/or a second patch with the wearer's unit symbol on the side. The US Marine Corps wears the eagle, globe and Anchor service badge on the front of the helmet as an ironing transfer, similar to the badge worn by the Marine Corps on the BDU chest pocket. This practice continued with the adoption of LWH, but because the mounting base of the night vision equipment covered the sign and a hole in the fabric was needed to fix the sign, it was no longer used and stopped.
PASGT helmet developed by the U.S. Army Soldier System Center After the Vietnam War in the mid to late 1970s. By the end of the 1980s, it had completely replaced the steel M1 helmet in service with the US military. It was first used in combat during Operation Emergency Fury in Grenada in 1983 and became standard equipment of the US military in 1985 and completely replaced the M1 helmets of the frontline troops in the late 10s. The Army soldiers stationed in Alaska were the last soldiers to receive helmets, and some did not receive PASGT until 1988.
PASGT helmets have a variety of additional accessories available, including:-
- Helmet mounting kit for connecting night vision goggles , such as NE-6015 or AN/PVS-14 MNVD, F5001B or AN/PVS-7B.
- A riot mask.
PASGT helmet US military service in the US Marine Corps in light helmet and the US Army 's Modular Integrated Communications Helmet replaced, which in turn is the US Army currently uses the advanced combat helmet replaced .
The U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Army are both looking for another helmet replacement for their PASGT helmet successor: Enhanced Combat Helmet (ECH), which will be distributed in 2014.
However, the PASGT system is still used by some U.S. allies. As of 2017, it continues to have limited use in the U.S. military. It is one of the various vests assigned to sailors on U.S. Navy ships.
The vest of the armored system of ground forces was the standard upper body armor of the U.S. military from the mid-1980s to the early 2000s , when it was replaced by the outer tactical vest of the interceptor body armor system . The PASGT vest replaces the M-69 fragmented protective body armor nylon vest used by the Army, and the M-1955 fragmented protective body armor nylon and Doron plate vest used by the Marine Corps .
The PASGT vest used Kevlar fiber in the US Army's body armor for the first time , which is different from the ballistic nylon used in previous body armor models . Although usually unable to stop rifle bullets, PASGT vests provide better protection from shrapnel and reduce the severity of injuries caused by light weapons than M-69. Although it can stop pistol bullets, including the 9×19 mm Parabellum FMJ, the vest is only designed or designed to stop small fragments without causing harm to the user. The PASGT vest weighs approximately 9 pounds (4,080 grams), which is a slight increase from the previous model. Based on tests conducted for the Brass Fetcher Ballistic Testing Company, former ARDEC research engineer John Ervin stated that the PASGT vest is equivalent to NIJ Level II or IIA protection: it can prevent multiple 124 9x19 mm FMJ pistol bullets from hitting its main torso panel (front and Back), but is susceptible to several closely spaced bullets or to the thin neck and shoulder panels. Another independent test published in GunNews magazine claims that the PASGT vest can stop 0.357 Magnum Federal 125 grain JHP, 0.357 Magnum S&W 158 grain JSP, 9mm Federal 115 grain FMJ, and 9mm +P+ Corbon 115 grain FMJ within 10 yards, despite being shot at close range for the second time by 9mm Federal FMJ after the first one breakdown.
The PASGT vest itself is covered with Woodland-patterned nylon fabric (a very limited number is made of olive color, but only the Woodland version was issued to the U.S. military); In order to increase the invisibility of the wearer, the camouflage cover is worn on it with various camouflage patterns. Early camouflage covers used DBDU, but later used DCU patterns. The vest prototype in the 1970s uses the ERDL pattern .
The PASGT vest was designed in 1975, tested in the late 1970s, and then put into use in the early 1980s.
In January 2000, the U.S. Navy began to use a derivative variant of the PASGT vest, called "U.S. Navy bulletproof jacket Mk 1, Mod 0". Until 2017 Nian April, the US Navy is still using this vest. The US Navy body armor is sage green or brown. Although this vest is very similar in appearance to the PASGT vest, it is actually a completely different vest model.
Accessories and use
In order to provide protection against high-speed bullets, the PASGT vest was combined with the temporary small arms protective vest (ISAPO) in 1996, awaiting the adoption of interceptor body armor . ISAPO weighs approximately 16.5 pounds (7,480 grams) and consists of a carrier carrying two protective ceramic plate inserts. The PASGT armor system with an overweight vest weighs more than 25.1 pounds (11,390 grams) and has been criticized by many US troops for being too bulky in combat . The ballistic filling consists of 13 layers of 14 ounces. Waterproof aramid (Kevlar 29) fabric. The vest's inner and outer cover, shoulder pads and front flap flap are all waterproofed to 8 ounces. Ballistic nylon cloth.
Although it was gradually phased out as a front-line body armor at the beginning of the Iraq War in 2003 , the PASGT vest was subject to some restrictions in the wearing and use of American military personnel in the early days of the war, where it was worn behind the front line to support personnel in the rear echelon. And navy sailors, such as sea bees. Some US Army soldiers will use old PASGT vests as temporary armor to protect their vehicles in the absence of a special, designated armor kit.
The vest is the interception body armor system of the PASGT outer tactical vest served by the successful U.S. Army . This is, in turn, a partially replaced modular tactical vest , an improved outer tactical vest , and an expandable pallet . However, as of 2016, the use of the PASGT vest in the U.S. military is still limited, and it is one of the many vests assigned to sailors on duty on U.S. Navy ships.